After my previous laptop (an HP tablet) decided to pack it in for good after only 18 months of use, I decided to pick up a cheap netbook to tide me over until I’m finished my masters (I’ve got a desktop PC that fills my day-to-day computing needs, but I can’t take it with me to class). After a lot of research, my choice came down to an Asus EEE PC 1005HA or a HP Mini 110-1030CA. Due to licensing restrictions on cheap versions of Windows XP, every (cheap) netbook you encounter has nearly identical specs – 1 GB RAM and an Atom N270/280 CPU – which means there isn’t much to differentiate between models. Initially, I leaned toward the Asus – it’s 10 hour battery life (versus the Mini’s 3) and slightly taller (by 24 pixels) screen make it a better machine, but also result in a higher cost (not to mention that finding a retailer with it in Canada was nearly impossible). Both computers had above-average keyboards for netbooks – the Mini’s is often recognized as the best available on a 10” netbook – my only real constraint. After some well-timed sales and a bit of price matching, I was able to track down the HP for $90 cheaper than I could find the Asus for, making it a much better bargain. I’m crossing my fingers that it will last longer than my previous HP laptop – which had 3 major failures requiring service over its short lifetime, the last of which fell outside its warranty – but at only $300, it’s worth the risk.
Having used Windows 7 off and on since last October – and using Vista for the year prior to that – going back to the version of Windows XP that came with the Mini just wasn’t an option for me. Windows 7 has thoroughly impressed me so far on all the machines I’ve used it on, not only on a newer Intel quad-core but also on my 7-year-old Athlon XP desktop machine. So I decided to grab the RTM version of Windows 7 off of MSDN and install it on the Mini; a quick guide to the install process and my initial thoughts on the Mini with Windows 7 follow.
Installing Windows 7 on a HP Mini 110-1030CA
Step 1: Choosing an Install Method
Like Vista before it, Windows 7 comes on a DVD – an awkward proposition for netbooks, which usually don’t come with an optical drive. There are three general ways of getting Windows 7 on to these machines; via external DVD drive, via USB key, or via a DVD drive on a networked computer. Since I don’t have an external DVD drive and my largest USB key is less than the required 4 GBs, I decided to take the third option – doing a network install via a DVD drive on another computer – and that’s the process I’m describing here. A quick Google/Bing search for ‘windows 7 install netbook’ or similar should yield you a ton of results on how to do it with a USB key if you’re interested in that route, though it seems much more complicated than doing it over a network.
Step 2: Share out your DVD Drive
If you’ve shared a folder on your computer before, then sharing your DVD drive should be pretty easy. Go to the computer you wish to share the drive from, and insert your Windows 7 disc. If you’re on Windows 7, open ‘Computer’ by pressing Windows-E on the keyboard (or choose ‘Computer’ from the start menu) and locate the DVD drive in which you placed your Windows 7 install disc. Right click on the drive and choose ‘Properties’ from the menu that appears; then, click the ‘Sharing’ tab. Then, share the drive (‘Advanced Sharing’ -> ‘Share this folder’). Finally, check to make sure that your computer is set up to share files by opening the Network and Sharing Center (Start -> ‘Control Panel’ -> ‘Network and Sharing Center’ -> ‘Advanced Sharing Settings’) and checking to make sure that ‘File and printer sharing’ is set to ‘Turn on file and printer sharing’. You might also want to make sure ‘Password protected sharing’ is set as well. Then, make a quick note of your computer’s name by hitting the Back button to go back to the Network and Sharing Center, and write down whatever the name of the computer is in the network map at the top of the screen (it will be labelled ‘this computer’). If you are on Vista instead, the above instructions should work, though some of the items may have slightly different names. And if you’re on Windows XP, then the steps are completely different – follow this support article instead, except you’ll be sharing out a drive instead of a folder.
Step 3: Configure your hard drive
If you only want to have Windows 7 on your machine, this step isn’t necessary. However, if you want to dual boot Windows XP and Windows 7, or want to keep your XP partition around for restore purposes (my HP Mini 110-1030CA didn’t come with restore discs or a restore partition), then you’ll want to partition the hard drive in order to create a separate partition for Windows XP. I used the free version of Easeus Partition Master to do this, but there are other options (Partition Magic, GParted, etc.). Using your partition tool, resize/shrink the Windows XP partition so that there is enough room leftover to install Windows 7 (at least 16 GB, though that won’t leave much room for applications – Win7 takes around 10 GB on its own). Then, create a new partition in the empty space, formatted as NTFS. Hit apply, wait for the changes to take place (a reboot is probably required), and once it finishes you’ll have two hard disk drives that show up, one (C:) your previous Windows XP drive, now smaller, and another one (D:, unless you’ve selected a different mount point) that’s completely empty and waiting for your Windows 7 install.
Step 4: Start the install process
Now it’s time to start the install. Connect your Mini to the same network as the computer you are sharing the Windows 7 install disc from. You may have to mark this network as a ‘Home’ or ‘Work’ network for the computer hosting the install disc, since by default Vista and Windows 7 don’t allow file sharing over public networks. Then, on your Mini, open the ‘Run’ box by pressing Windows-R on the keyboard (or choose ‘Run’ from the start menu) and type two back-slashes followed by the name of the computer hosting the install disc (you wrote this down in step 2). For instance, if your machine name was ‘dvd-pc’, you want to type ‘\dvd-pc’ in the run box. Then, press OK; after a few seconds, an explorer window should appear containing all of the shares on the host computer. Double click on the share you created in step 2 corresponding to the computer’s DVD drive (by default, it’s a single letter matching the driver letter of the DVD device on the host computer). The DVD should spin up on the host computer, and you should see a number of folders appear along with an executable named ‘setup.exe’. Double click ‘setup.exe’, and wait as the Windows 7 autorun starts (it could take 30 seconds to a minute, depending on your network speed). Once it starts, select the ‘Install Now’ option, and wait as the installer loads (another minute or two). Follow the prompts that appear, selecting ‘Clean’ install and the drive you created in step 3 when asked, and then sit back and wait as the installer copies all of the necessary files off of the disc via the Mini’s network connection, reboots to perform the installation, and reboots once more to prepare everything for use. Once it’s done, it’ll ask you to configure the time zone, license key, and password, then it’ll drop you into the Windows 7 desktop with everything installed.
Step 5: Windows Update
The first thing you should do after installing a new operating system is to update it to the newest version, in our case by running Windows Update. Simply type ‘Windows Update’ in the start menu, open the program that appears, and press ‘Check for updates’. Once it comes back with a list of things to be installed, ensure there is a checkbox beside all ‘Recommended’ items and any important ‘Optional’ items (there was a network driver waiting for me under ‘Optional’, but I didn’t need any additional languages), and then press update to download and apply the updates.
Step 6: Install Missing Drivers
Once Windows 7 has finished update, you’ll have to install any drivers it wasn’t able to install during the install or update process. On my HP Mini 110-1030CA, Windows 7 was able to find all of the drivers it needed, but there is one driver it doesn’t get perfectly right: the touch pad. Don’t worry – the touch pad still works, but the scrolling functionality doesn’t work. To fix it, head on over to the touch pad manufacturer’s driver site and download the drivers for Windows Vista 32-bit Edition (or Windows 7 32 bit, if they are there – they weren’t when I tried it). Once the drivers are finished downloading, double click to start the install, follow the prompts, and reboot. If you’re not using the same Mini I am, head on over to the Device Manager (type ‘Device Manager’ in the start menu) and locate the drivers for any device with an exclamation point beside it. Windows will expand any item that has devices with missing drivers, to if all of the top-level categories are collapsed, you’re good to go.
Step 7: You’re Done!
Yep, that’s it – you’ve managed to install Windows 7 on your HP Mini! Before you finish up, consider un-sharing your DVD drive by reversing the things you did in step 1; however, if you have more CD/DVD based software to install, do that first.
Windows 7 on a HP Mini 110-1030CA: The Results
I’m pretty impressed with how well the machine runs. I’ve upped it to 2 GB of RAM over the stock 1 GB since I had a spare 2 GB stick – and 2G RAM sticks are cheap enough now to make it worthwhile in any case – which allows Windows 7 to use it to speed up program launches. It’s not perfect, of course – the screen often feels small, and I have encountered the occasional slow down, but outside of that it’s surprisingly usable for just poking around the Internet.
The keyboard’s pretty good (most places regard the Mini as having the best keyboard on a netbook, and I tend to agree), though my model has an odd copy of the ‘|' key where the rest of the left shift key should be which I keep pressing by accident when I try to type a capital. It might be because I have a Canadian model (the keyboard has the French-Canadian keyboard markings too), though it’s something I’m sure I will eventually get used to (or I’ll learn to use the right shift key, which is full size). In the meantime, I’ve used SharpKeys to remap the extra key to left shift so that it doesn’t interfere when hit by accident. Incidentally, the other annoying key is the traditional ‘|' key; it is located on the middle row of the keyboard right before the two-row enter key, rather than above a single-row enter key. Both my desktop keyboards have single-row enter keys, so this placement results in many accidental keypresses – and it’s not something SharpKeys can fix. Outside of that, however, the keyboard has been great – a little smaller than I’m used to, but not enough to impact my typing. The keys have a nice feel and travel, the arrow keys are arranged in an inverted T shape, both backspace and the spacebar are large, and the keys which have been removed from the keyboard to save space (home/page up/page down/end) have been function-mapped to easily memorable/accessible keys. Surprisingly, HP didn’t function-map the number pad over the right half of the keyboard, but since I rarely use this feature I haven’t missed it.
The screen is – as one would expect – quite small. For web use, it hasn’t been a huge hassle; there’s just more scrolling than usual. For regular application use, I’ve found it absolutely terrible at multiple windows. At this point, I’ve basically given up using windows that aren’t maximized to the full screen size, and using more than one window at once is an exercise in alt-tabbing. Even when using a single application, the small screen sometimes makes it difficult; there are a lot of applications that assume that vertical space is abundant, and fill it with 100+pixels of toolbars. Careful selection and configuration can minimize this problem – I’ve found Google Chrome to be the fastest and leanest browser; Thunderbird (and Firefox) work better when using small toolbar icons, no toolbar text, no status bar, and this extension to get rid of the menu bar; Office’s ribbon can be minimized by double-clicking one of its tabs; and Windows 7 runs great with an auto-hide taskbar that’s mounted vertically along the side of the screen – but there are a few applications that perform poorly (I’m looking at you, Windows Live Messenger). Since more and more applications are on the web these days, the use of multiple windows is less and less of a concern.
While I feared that the Mini would be underpowered, it has not turned out to be the case. It’s not something I’d use for all my computing tasks, but for something small to tote around to check one’s email with and have something to do during otherwise wasted time, it can’t be beat. The Mini has no trouble with regular-quality YouTube, even full-screen, though HD YouTube is too choppy to watch. Microsoft Office runs great – heck, it’s even been handling Visual Studio admirably well. With a Windows Experience Index of 2.0 (Processor: 2.2, Memory: 4.5, Graphics: 2.0, Gaming Graphics: 3.0, Hard Disk: 5.6), the HP Mini 110-1030CA is able to handle Windows Aero without trouble, too. And it uses hyperthreading to present two ‘virtual’ processors to the operating system, which improves the interactivity of the system to the point where I haven’t noticed a foreground task being blocked by a heavy background one. All in all, for the things I’m using the netbook for I can’t tell that this machine has significantly less power than the other machines I’ve used.
The Operating System
Windows 7 works great, no ifs, ands, or buts. It’s modern, fast, and easy to use, and installing it (as the instructions above show) is a hassle-free experience. And it’s certainly suited for netbooks – I’m running the Ultimate edition, and so far it has been consistently faster than the version of Windows XP that came with the Mini. It responds instantaneously to keyboard and mouse input, and resuming from sleep or hibernate happens quickly. With all of my commonly-used applications installed, it boots to the desktop in about 45 seconds, and it’s ready to go as soon as you see the desktop. I haven’t experienced any stability problems, either with Windows itself or with the drivers it has loaded. All in all, I’ve got no complaints whatsoever about Windows 7, and highly recommend that other netbook users out there install it as soon as they can get their hands on a copy.
Overall, I’m incredibly impressed with this little computer – and the emphasis there goes on both little and computer. It’s sure easy to carry this thing around – it weighs just over a kilogram and measures 10.5” by 7.5”, making it smaller and lighter than most of my textbooks – and the battery life so far has been sufficient in every scenario I’ve used it. And it’s an actual computer, not a glorified cell phone; I don’t feel myself avoiding typing on it or considering whether or not it supports something (Flash, Java, etc.), I just go ahead and do it. The screen is large enough to read comfortably, and the speakers, while very definitely “laptop” sounding speakers, are clear and full. Granted, there are some compromises one has to make – it’s certainly not a ‘desktop replacement’ laptop – but for me, those compromises are rare enough that I can work around them easily and still get a significant amount of utility from the Mini.
Final Vertdict: The HP Mini 110-1030CA is an excellent second (or third) computer for students and other people on the go, and works wonderfully with Windows 7.